Wednesday, September 7, 2011

What Causes Dysentery?

Dysentery is an infection that usually causes diarrhea. The infection is often passed on through improper hygiene. One of the most common causes of dysentery is not washing the hands after using public toilets.

Dysentery is spread from person to person. It is very common for one person in a family to pass it on to the rest of the family members. From there, it can be passed on to numerous people in the general public. The infection can last and be spread for around four weeks.

Dysentery can also be spread through contaminated food. Poor countries that have inadequate sanitation systems can be rife with dysentery. The water systems in these countries can be very infectious. This is why people are advised not to drink the water or take ice in their drinks in certain countries.
There are two main types of dysentery: bacillary and amoebic dysentery. Of the two, bacillary is more common. In this infection, the dysentery organism called Shigella enters through the mouth and multiplies in the bowel. The symptoms of this type of dysentery are usually mild and disappear within a few days to a week.

The main symptom of bacillary infection is usually severe diarrhea. It can be watery and sometimes contains blood or pus. There may also be vomiting, fever and abdominal pains.

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